Diocese of Aleppo


     The sports in Aleppo has probably started the constitutional days of Ottoman, when the physical sports Union Aghpiour has worked till 1915.Later,the next years of the Armenian GENOCIDE the sports preparations have been activated. A football team has also organized those days by the Armenian Bisexual young Union. There have been also Ousumasirats (1919-1927) Dalvorig and Gaydzag football teams which have been formed with the Armenian Orphanage's teams Ardziv and Arax after 1918.

     Hamazasb Union has been also acted between 1922 and 1925 but Ardziv Sports Union of Daron Douruperan Compatriotic  Association has worked between 1951-1963.Finally, the Scout Counsil of All Association has acted between 1964 and 1985 in Aleppo.
     The next days of the Armenian GENOCIDE today acting sports unions  have also founded  in Aleppo and in some regions of the Diocese .Their activities clarify the following image.-

Ararat Sports Union.
Armenian Physical Sports Union (A.Ph.S.U.)

     First of all, Aleppo and Damascus sections of A.Ph.S.U. have  established in November 1921.whereas the Scout movement A.Ph.S.U. has  founded in 1931,in Aleppo.By preparation of champion sportsmen , the Union has flourished  the vital activity of sports in Aleppo. In the beginning it has had a club ,later a private one in 1979.

    The Union has strengthen its determination especially for football and basketball since 1940.As for football, many sportsmen of A.Ph.S.U.  have wore the Syrian National Football team's t-shirts for along time. The union has always been participated in the All-Sectional matches as well as the All-regional Scout campings since 1930.

          The scout Movement by governmental rule has converted the tenth Syrian Scout battalion in 1953. It has multimember FANFARE which keeps up to date.

     A.Ph.S.U. ,A.Y.A. sports sections as well as Kermanig Vasbouragan Sports Union have formed Ararat Sports Union " Nady Al Ouruba" by the governmental rule in 1973 which has connected to the Syrian Physical Education (Training) United Union's office situated in Aleppo.
     A.Ph.S.U.  has had a private camping ground  in Karadouran since 1985.
Nowadays, on the Syrian lands the Union's sections act in Damascus (1921) and Kesab (1924)

Armenian General Physical Education (Training) Union ( A.G.Ph.E.U.)

    Under the flag of ( A.G.Ph.E.U.) Aleppo Section which has  founded on 1st November in 1925,was born the life of physical education which soon has had a big echo. The Union has immediately connected the scout movement to the physical sports activity, thus preparing champion sportsmen and sportswomen.

   The Union has had Sports Stadium-garden and a club in 1928,then Basketball and tennis playground in 1932, then football playground.
     The last Sixty years so many time ( A.G.Ph.E.U.) has been the laurel  wreath of championship and some other competitions  while the all-sectional Navasartian  matches have turned the Easter in Aleppo to a remarkable one.
By the governmental rule  the scout movement has become the Syrian Scout's 8th  battalion in 1953. Today the Union has fanfare and it is always present both in  the local and Pan Armenian  campings.

     ( A.G.Ph.E.U.) has a private camping ground in Kesab since 1970.
By the governmental rule in 1973, the Union has  connected to the Syrian Physical Education United Unions office situated in Aleppo, it is renamed "Al-Yarmouk" and continues  its flourishing activity .It has had its private club since 1940 and sports stadium family garden since 1956.
     Building a big training ground is one of ( A.G.Ph.E.U.) plans in 1985.The public formal foundation has took place on 19th November in 1991 at the hands of Archbishop Souren Kataroyan. Whereas they have started preparatory constructional works on 4th October in 1992 ( Design Armenian Architects Nshan Oghigian and kevork Sarkisian from Aleppo)
( A.G.Ph.E.U.) Aleppo section has participated in All ( A.G.Ph.E.U.) 3 campings that occurred in Armenia. The first camping from 27 July to 7 August in 1994,The second one 12 July to 27 July in 1998,and the third one from 4 to 20 August in 2002.
     Nowadays work the following sections on the Syrian lands: In Damascus 1925, in Latakia 1926, in Qamshly 1931 and in Kesab 1934.

Ararat Sports Union
Kermanig-vasbouragan Sports Union

     The Armenian Syrian Young Union or the kermanig Vasbouragan sports Union has  founded in 1931,in Aleppo. It is  considered the direct continuation  of the football team which has  organized by Marash Young men in 1926.
For many years the Union has been the laurel wreath of football championships in Aleppo and Syria, and has given highly qualified sportsmen to the Syrian National football team.
     It has its private club at the beginning of 1940s .kermanigian House the decorated new club has  founded in 1998,(Design Engineer Hagop Pilavjian from Aleppo, and  execution Architect Haroutioun Keshishian from Aleppo too).
By governmental rule, the Union with  (A. Ph. S. U.) & (A.Y.A.) sports sections have organized Ararat Sports Union "Al-Ouruba" in 1973.
     The Union's Golden book has published in 1976 (editor Dikran Gueleuzian) and the memorial book as a complementary  has  published in 1982.
Al-Ouruba stadium (playground) has  built by the joint efforts of the union (A.Y.A.) sports Sections in 1985 ( the Armenian architects Noubar Shorvoghlian, Hrayr Mouradian and Haig Puezantian are mentionable from Aleppo).
     However, the Scout movement has  founded in 1934 and by the governmental rule it has  become the 9th battalion of Syrian Scout. The Union exists till today. It has fanfare and it is responsible for kermanig vasbouragan Cultural Union's Executive Body.

Ararat Sports Union
Armenian young Association (A.Y.A.)

     Aleppo section of A.Y.A. has  founded on 1st July in 1931 which has flourished sports, scout, cultural and social activities.
     The Scout movement of A.Y.A. has  established in 1935.It has become the 22nd battalion of  Syrian Scout in 1952.The Unions is acting up to date. It has fanfare and participates in all-regional campings.
     By flourishing wide activity, the sports section of A.Y.A. has become a formal  Union in 1953.It has given champion sportsmen ,and it has always participated in all-Sectional matches.
     The Union has had a private club-family garden in 1964.
     By Governmental rule A.Ph.S.U. with kermanig Vasbouragan sports Union have organized Ararat Sports Union " Al-Ouruba" in 1973.
By the support of Kermanig Vasbouragan Sports Union has been realized Al-Ouruba Stadium.
     In  the present time, the Union's Sections work and act in the Syrian cities in Damascus 1931,in Latakia (reorganized 1956) as well as in Qamshly (reorganized 1956).


    The Armenian Syrian press especially the Armenian Aleppo one occupies it's location(position) in the history of Armenian Press, by tangible succession of around 125 published newspapers. Even Armenian Aleppo journalists have had their characteristical role in the development of the Syrian Local press.

   "Frat" the first Syrian newspaper has  published in Aleppo, on 27th May 1867.It has  written both in Arabic & Othman Languages, whereas for a period in Turkish by Armenian Alphabet. Turkish by Armenian Alphabet was added from 6 June 1868 to 1869,that is from No.50 to No. 100. After a long time "Aghpiour" wood stamp newspaper has  started to publish in Aleppo in 1912 and has stopped in 1914.The editor was Mihran Najarian.
   The next days of the Armenian  GENOCIDE "Portsank" newspaper has  published in 1916,whereas "Reutre Agency" and  " Herakralourer"  reporter agency newspapers saw light in 1918.   " Hay Knar" in 1919, in addition to "Ousanogh" monthly newspaper in 1921.

   Meanwhile, the first Armenian daily newspaper " Hay Tsayn" saw light in Aleppo between 1918 and 1919 the editor was Setrag Gebenlian . Hereafter, we can consider the following names the dominated ones in Armenian Aleppo press. "Darakir" editor Penyamin Mildonian (1918-1919) "Yeprad" newspaper (1919),"Suryagan Surhantag" newspaper, editor Hayr (father) Boghos Kushagjy" (1919-1922) "Suryagan Mamul" (1922-1927),"Yeprad" daily newspaper, editors were Khatchig K.Kardash, Aris Shaklian and Setrag Gebenlian(1927-1947) " Surya" daily newspaper editor was Hovhannes Yazjian (1946-1960). "Arevelk" daily newspaper the editors were Minas Teleolian, Mihran Herartian and Kevork Donabedian (1946-1963). At the same time in 1948 with "Arevelk" the  annual book saw light so it had "Vahakn" teenaged edition there has  been also sports edition   "Arevelk Marzashkharh" since 1957 the editor was Zaven Sabounjian.

     The work of the annual books was significant for example, the National Prelacy's official newspaper "Suryahay Daretsouts" (1924-1926). " Datev" the Editor was Archbishop  Ardavazt Surmeyan(metropolitan), "Suryagan Albom" (1927-1929)."Daron" (1949)."Hay Darekirk" 1956.

     " Keghart" 6 numbers saw light since 1975, the editors were Haig Barigian and Doctor Rober Gebejian.
From the monthly newspapers are mentionable "Nairy" (1941-1949) the editor was Antranik Dzarougian, Child-teenaged biennial newspaper "Pourasdan" (1950-1958),the editors were Roupen Dirarian and Haig Barigian.
The student's and  learner's newspapers also have had an important place since 1950s up to date.
     Finally, the official newspaper of  National Armenian Prelacy, Diocese of Aleppo "Oshagan" has  published as a periodical newspaper in 1978.By the supervision of Archbishop Souren Kataroyan and it had editorial organs. It has  transformed to two monthly newspaper between 1989 and 1991,the editor was Khatchig Shahinian. Later it has become biweekly newspaper and recalled "Kantsasar" whereas it has  converted to weekly newspaper in April, on 1993 and it continues to publish being the only Armenian Syrian newspaper. The previous editors were Khajag Mgrditchjian, Mary Merdkhanian, now Khatchig Shahinian. "Kantsasar" has a special place in the file of Diocese of Aleppo in October in 2003. The National prelacy's reporter " Oshagan" has  published in Aleppo.

     It's mentionable that  has been started to publish "Shavigh" quarterly  since 1999 under the supervision of Karen Yeppe Armenian  Prelacys graduate association editor Ayda Minasian.
     It should be taken into consideration ,the gratifying activities of the national Prelacy's print shop Arevelk which has  founded in 1946 and nowadays it has modern furnishings.
     "Oshagan" bookstore has  founded in 1989 under the supervision of Archbishop Souren Kataroyan . It has founded on the basis of  "Oshagan" library-bookcase which has  located in the churchyard of Saint Forty Martyrs  Armenian Apostolic church, between 1979 and 1989.
     As for the regions, "Sbardag" newspaper saw light in Rakka, in 1927.

The Armenians in Syria

     The recent relations between the Armenian Mountains And Syria traced the history thousands years. Both the Euphrates and Tigris rivers as a main vein have connected Armenia to the southern Countries. In the meanwhile, the territories of historical Syria have  bounded Armenia from the North-east. Whereas the Eastern old routes(roads) have passed by the Armenian Heights, those Heights were connecting Syria to the Black Sea. At Certain historical intervals, the Armenians have founded residence in Syria, on Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, as well as Mesopotamia.

     The Armenian handwritten memorial manuscripts in Aleppo, Baghdad,(Ourfa) Yetesia and Antioch (Antakya) are considered the most important resources that give information about the Armenian Colonies in these countries, we can add Assyrian and Arabian resources in addition to the governmental documents and decrees.
     The Foreign and Armenian resources unanimously confirm that the Armenian Empire Dikran the Great(64-86 B.C.) has expanded the southern boundaries till Palestine, and Antioch (Antakya) has been one of the Armenian Emperor's capitals. The entire peoples of that widespread Empire have had direct relations together ,at the same time, Dikranagerd as a cultural and business big and important place has established 77 B.C. It has bridged Armenia with Syria and Mesopotamia.
     Consequently , Armenia has succeeded to rule the general(universal) trade routes. Dikran the Great has encouraged the immigration of Armenians to the occupied countries, and vise-versa .The Emperor of emperors and the next one Asdavazt II have leaded thousands of immigrants to Armenia (55-34 B.C.).

     Syria has been one of the Roman Emperor's cities from 64 B.C. to the 4-th century A.C. It has cultivated and made active business relations with Armenia. Afterwards, Syria has been part of the Byzantine Emperor till the 7-th century. During the first centuries of spreading Christianity Antioch(Antakya) and Yetesia (Ourfa) have been presented as important places for religion and culture where many Armenian Students have studied there.

     The first Armenian Immigration to Syria according to the reliable historical data took place in the days of the Persian King Khosrov I in the 6-th century(531-579).
By ruling Khosrov I  Antioch and Yetesya in 539 he has taken (transformed) great numbers of Immigrants where the Armenians have been the majority in those countries .Syria has lived praising days during the Omayad's Caliphates (661-750)and they had remarkable relations with the Armenians.

     Amit's Metropolitan Mar Teonysios Yakoub Saliby's (1173) writings are considered one of the important Historical reliable data for the Armenian's Second immigration to Syria between 717 and 728. Where he has mentioned in one of his writings that being Armenians in Syria they have ruled on their villages, churches, abbeys  ( monastery).consequently, the Third Patriarch Mar Atanas has asked from  the Armenian Catholicos Hovhannes Otsnetsy for some clergymen to pasture the Armenians in Syria. Whereas the Red abbey at Shougher area has been a spiritual and cultural main House. By escaping The Armenians from the Byzantine occupation as well as Seljuk-Turkish pursuits, they have emigrated to Syria and Mesopotamia, meantime the Armenian third emigration to Syria has realized between 973 and 992.The Armenians have spread over the Syrian western areas. It is believed that the Armenians at those days have been settled in Aramo, Ghnemiye, Yakoubiye, Latakia, kesab, Swedia.(Mousa Mountain)and  the surrounding villages.

     The Mongol and Tatar invasions have caused the increase and growth of Armenian emigration in the second half of the 13-th century between 1220 and 1468.The Armenians have emigrated to Syria with the ruling class of the fallen Pakradouniants Kingdom in 1071.They have settled absolutely in the Northern Syria, Antioch, Yetesia and in Mesopotamia till Palestine.

     On the other hand, the Caravan Business has had an extreme raise in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, and the Syrian Coastal Cities have usually lived economical unusual development. Although, Antioch has protected and preserved to be a famous place for there religious and cultural conditions, it has transformed to an important trade centre. The majority of the population according to J.Loran has been Armenians and Greeks, The Armenian Catholicos Khatchig Arshagouny who has established the Archbishopric Seat between 973 and 992 has continued his mission till the 13th Century. By Antioch's dishonorable historical position Aleppo has become a major Armenian Community Centre where organized and formed a prosperous colony.

     There is no accurate statistics about the number of Armenians who have spread on the Syrian lands, but some Armenian resources mention that  the Armenian population in Syria ( Aleppo city) and Lebanon are almost  estimated eighth-five thousand Armenians between 1870 and 1890.

     The Biggest Armenian emigrations to Syria has been realized as a result of Ottoman Emperor's pursuits in 1876,1895,1909,especially during the Armenian GENOCIDE in 1915 and the disaster of Armenian Cilicia in 1922 resulted in increasing the Armenian population on the Syrian land.

     The last Armenian immigration towards Syria was when by the France-Turkish Treaty, Alexandret Sanjak has been annexed to Turkey. Whereas forty thousands Armenian Syrians and Armenians living in Lebanon have immigrated to hometown the next two years in 1939.

     As every where, the Syrians also highly appreciate the Armenian's role in different nation countries in the service of improving and developing the homeland. The Armenians have also defended by their life for the hospitable Syrian freedom and independence by active participation in struggle for liberty till  the Seventeenth April 1946 "Independence Day" .
    In appreciation of this by permission No 381,2 April 1946,the Syrian government has honored by the deserving Syrian First Rank Medal the Bishop Zareh Payaslian Metropolitan of  Diocese of Aleppo.

     The major Armenian Colonies in the Historical Syria are: Aleppo, Damascus and Latakia. The historical settlements are Yakoubiye,Ghnemiye,Aramo and also kesab's  surrounding regions, where Syrian small colonies exist nowadays ,whereas the Syrian Gezire's colonies are Qamshly, Derik (Malkiye) , Hasaka, Ras Oul Ayn, Tel Abiad, Der-Zor and Rakka. The next days of the Armenian GENOCIDE the above mentioned cities have founded they exist and keep their Armenian characteristics up to date.


        Ð³É¿åÇ ê. ø³é³ëÝÇó سÝϳÝó »õ ݳËÏÇÝ ê. ²ëïáõ³Í³ÍÇÝ »Ï»Õ»óÇÝ»ñáõ Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõû³Ùµ, ĺ.-ľ. ¹³ñ»ñáõÝ ·áñÍ³Í ¿ Ý߳ݳõáñ ¸³ë³ïáõÝÁ, áñáõÝ ÏáÕùÇÝ ·áÛáõÃÇõÝ áõÝ»ó³Í ¿ ݳ»õ ¸åñ³ïáõÝ ÙÁ: гɿåÇ ²é³çÝáñ¹Ý»ñ¿Ý Ú³Ïáµ ²ñù. γñϳé»óÇÇ (1633-1640, 1657-1660) ÏÁ í»ñ³·ñáõÇ ¸³ë³ï³Ý ÏÇó ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý ßáõÝãáí ³½·³ÛÇÝ í³ñųñ³Ý ÙÁ ѳëï³ï»Éáõ ÷³÷³ùÁ:

        1858ÇÝ, ÑÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ гɿåÇ ³é³çÇÝ Ñ³Û Ø³Ýϳå³ñ�Á: ²å³, 1867ÇÝ, ³ÏÝóÇ ÚáíѳÝÝ¿ë øÇõñù×»³ÝûýÇ ÏáÕÙ¿ ÑÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ гɿåÇ ì³ñ¹áõÑ»³Ýó ³é³çÇÝ ³ÕçϳÝó í³ñųñ³ÝÁ, áñ ù³ÝÇ ÙÁ ï³ñáõ³Ý Ï»³Ýù áõÝ»ó³Í ¿:

        ¸åñ³ïáõÝÁ í³ñųñ³ÝÇ í»ñ³Íáõ³Í ¿ ²é³çÝáñ¹³Ï³Ý î»Õ³å³Ñ Ú³Ïáµ Ì. ìñ¹. ²ñëɳݻ³ÝÇ (1872-1876) ÏáÕÙ¿, »ñµ 1876ÇÝ ÑÇÙÝáõ³Í »Ý ²½·. Ü»ñë¿ë»³Ý »ñÏë»é í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñÁª ¹³ñÓ»³É ê. ø³é³ëÝÇó سÝϳÝó سÛñ ºÏ»Õ»óõáÛ ßñç³÷³Ï¿Ý Ý»ñë: î»Õ³å³Ñ Øáíë¿ë Ì. ìñ¹. οûÙñÇõù×»³Ý (1876, ²é³çÝáñ¹ª 1888-1889), 1 ÜáÛ»Ùµ»ñ 1882ÇÝ, ϳ½Ù³Í ¿ îÇÏݳÝó سñdzٻ³Ý ÀÝÏ»ñáõÃÇõÝÁª ûųݹ³Ï»Éáõ ѳٳñ ³½·³ÛÇÝ í³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ: 1898-ÇÝ, ÝáÛÝ Ýå³ï³Ïáí Û³é³ç³ó³Í ¿ ¸åñáó³ë¿ñ îÇÏݳÝó ØÇáõÃÇõÝÁª ²é³çÝáñ¹ ä»ïñáë Ì. ìñ¹. Ü»ñϳñ³ñ»³ÝÇ ûñáù (1894-1900), áñáõÝ Ý³Ë³Ó»éÝáõû³Ùµ 1897-ÇÝ »Ï»Õ»óõáÛ ßñç³÷³ÏÇÝ Ù¿ç Ï³Ý·Ý³Í ¿ñ ³ñ¹¿Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ Ýáñ³Ï³éáÛó ß¿ÝùÁ:

          ´»ñÇáÛ Â»ÙÇ ³é³çÇÝ àõëáõÙÝ³Ï³Ý ÊáñÑáõñ¹Á ϳ½Ùáõ³Í ¿ 1893ÇÝ:

          ²Ýó»³É ¹³ñ³ëÏǽµÇÝ »õ ÙÇÝã»õ 1915 Ãáõ³Ï³ÝÁ, гɿåÇ Ù¿ç ·áñÍ³Í »Ý ï³ëÝ»³Ï ÙÁ ³½·³ÛÇÝ, ѳٳÛÝù³ÛÇÝ Ã¿ ³Ýѳï³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ:

Ø»Í ºÕ»éÝÇÝ Û³çáñ¹áÕ ï³ñÇÝ»ñÁ ÏÁ ÝϳïáõÇÝ Â»ÙÇ ÏñÃ³Ï³Ý Ï»³ÝùÇ µ»ÕáõÝ ßñç³ÝÁ, Ç å³ïÇõ Ñ³Û ÅáÕáíáõñ¹Ç ½³õ³ÏÝ»ñáõݪ áñáÝù ³Ý³ë»ÉÇ Ãßáõ³éáõû³Ý Ù¿ç ³Ý·³Ù ßÇÝ»óÇÝ Çñ»Ýó Ñá·»ß¿Ý ½áÛ· ϳéáÛóÝ»ñÁª Ñ³Û »Ï»Õ»óÇÝ »õ Ñ³Û ¹åñáóÁ:

       1930³Ï³Ý Ãáõ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ, ´»ñÇáÛ Â»ÙÇ Ù¿ç, ²½·. ²é³çÝáñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõû³Ùµ, ·áñÍ³Í »Ý (23) ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ, (4101) »ñÏë»é ³ß³Ï»ñïáõû³Ùµ »õ (130) áõëáõóÇã-áõëáõóãáõÑÇÝ»ñáí,áñáÝó ²ëáÝó ½áõ·³Ñ»é ·áñÍ³Í »Ý ÙÇáõÃ»Ý³Ï³Ý áõ ѳٳÛÝù³ÛÇÝ ¹åñáóÝ»ñ »õë:

        1960³Ï³Ý »õ 1970³Ï³Ý Ãáõ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ, гɿåÇ Ù¿ç »õ ³ÛÉáõñª ³é³õ»É³µ³ñ ѳ۳ó÷áõÙÇ áñå¿ë Ñ»ï»õ³Ýùª ß³ñù ÙÁ í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ ÷³Ïáõ³Í »Ý, ûñÇݳϪ Ö³ñ³åÉáõëÇ ²½·. Ø»ëñáå»³Ý (1933-1944) »õ дÀØ-Ǫ ì³ñ¹³Ý»³Ý (1935-1644) í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñÁ, ²ñ³µ-´áõݳñÇ ²½·. ÊñÇÙ»³Ý (1927-1962) »õ дÀØ-Ǫ ²õ»ïÇë ê³ñ³ý»³Ý (1950-1975) í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñÁ, гɿåÇ Þ¿ÛË Ø³·ëáõïÇ ²ñٻݻ³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÁ (1923-1979), ²½·. ²ñ³Ù»³Ý ºñÏë»é í³ñųñ³ÝÁ (1930-1977), ²½·. ¶»ñÙ³ÝÇÏ»³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÁ (1937-1974), ²½·. ì³ñ¹³Ý»³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÁ (1936-1980), Üáñ ¶ÇõÕÇ ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÁ (1945-1964), àõëáõÙݳëÇñ³ó-È»õáÝ»³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÁ (1945-1964), »õ áõñÇßÝ»ñ:

         »ÙÇ ï³ñ³ÍùÇÝ, ¹åñáó³ßÇÝáõû³Ý ·É˳õáñ Çñ³·áñÍáõÙÝ»ñÁ Çñ³Ï³Ý³ó³Í »Ý 1950³Ï³Ý »õ 1960³Ï³Ý Ãáõ³Ï³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ, »õ 1990¿Ý »ïù, áõñ ¹³ñÓ»³É ݳ˳ËÝ³Ù³Ï³Ý ¹»ñ áõÝ»ó³Í »Ý дÀØ, êúÊ »õ Ù³ëݳõáñ³å¿ë ¶³Éáõëï ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³Ý ÐÇÙݳñÏáõÃÇõÝÁ: ì»ñçÇÝë  Çñ ³Ý÷á˳ñÇÝ»ÉÇ ¹»ñ³Ï³ï³ñáõÃÇõÝÁ ³Ý˳÷³Ý ÏÁ ß³ñáõݳϿ, ٻͳå¿ë ½ûñ³íÇ· ϳݷݻÉáí Ñ³Û ¹åñáóÇÝ, ûñÇݳÏ, ÇßË³Ý³Ï³Ý µ³ñ»ñ³ñáõÃÇõÝÝ»ñ ϳï³ñ³Í ¿ ¶³ÙÇßÉÇÇ ²½·. º÷ñ³ï سÝϳå³ñ�ÇÝ, î¿ñÇùÇ ²½·. ²½³ïáõÃÇõÝ ì³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ, гɿåÇ ²½·. ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³Ý ì³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ,ȳó·ÇáÛ ²½·.ܳѳï³Ï³ó ì³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ

         Ü»ñϳÛÇë, гɿåÇ »õ »ÙÇ ÙÇõë ßñç³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ÏÁ ·áñÍ»Ý 20 ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ (17 ³½·³ÛÇÝ »õ 3 ÙÇáõûݳϳÝ), áñáÝó ³éÁÝûñª ݳ»õ ùáÛñ ѳٳÛÝùÝ»ñáõ ѳÛÏ³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ:


².- ²½·³ÛÇÝ ì³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ

ø³ñ¿Ý º÷÷¿ ²½·. Ö»Ù³ñ³Ý

          ÎÁ ѳݹÇë³Ý³Û гɿåÇ ³é³çÇÝ Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý »ñÏñáñ¹³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÁ, »õ áõñáÛÝ ï»Õ ÏÁ ·ñ³õ¿ ë÷Çõéù³Ñ³Ûáõû³Ý Ï»³ÝùÇÝ Ù¿ç:

          ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 1947ÇÝ, ݳ˳ӻéÝáõû³Ùµ ûñáõ³Û ²é³çÝáñ¹ ¼³ñ»Ñ ºåë. ö³Û³ëÉ»³ÝÇ (ۻﳷ³ÛÇÝ ¼³ñ»Ñ ². γÃáÕÇÏáë Ø»ÍÇ î³ÝÝ ÎÇÉÇÏÇáÛ), Üáñ ¶ÇõÕÇ Ù¿ç ¹³ÝdzóÇ Ñ³Û³ë¿ñ ûñ. ø³ñ¿Ý º÷÷¿Ç ²½·. ²é³çÝáñ¹³ñ³ÝÇÝ Ïï³Ï³Í ÑáÕ³Ù³ëÇÝ íñ³Û:

          1953ÇÝ, Ö»Ù³ñ³ÝÁ ïáõ³Í ¿ Çñ ³Ý¹ñ³ÝÇÏ ÑáõÝÓùÁ:

          Ö»Ù³ñ³ÝÇ Ï»³ÝùÇÝ »ñÏñáñ¹ ѳݷñáõ³ÝÁ ëÏë³Í ¿ ³ñ¹Ç³Ï³Ý ß¿Ýù»ñáõÝ Çñ³·áñÍáõÙáí (1966ÇÝ, 1973ÇÝ »õ 1986ÇÝ): 1997ÇÝ, ßñç³÷³Ï¿Ý Ý»ñë ¼³ñ¿Ñ ².γÃáÕÇÏáëÇ »õ ûñ.ø³ñ¿Ý º÷÷¿Ç ÏÇë³Ý¹ñÝ»ñáõÝ ÏáÕùÇÝ, Çñ³·áñÍáõ³Í ¿ ê. Ø»ëñáå سßïáóÇ ÝáõÇñáõ³Í áñÙݳù³Ý¹³ÏÁ, áñáõÝ å³ßïûÝ³Ï³Ý µ³óáõÙÁ ϳï³ñáõ³Í ¿ 11 ÚáõÝÇë 1997ÇÝ, Ó»é³Ùµª ²ñ³Ù ². γÃáÕÇÏáëÇ (ݳ˳·ÇÍ »õ Çñ³·áñÍáõÙª ѳÛñ»ÝÇ ³ñáõ»ëï³·¿ïÝ»ñ ØÏñïã»³Ý »Õµ³ÛñÝ»ñáõ, ³ñ¹»³Ùµª ѳɿå³Ñ³Û  è³ýýÇ »õ ìÇ·¿Ý Þ³éáÛ»³Ý »Õµ³ÛñÝ»ñáõ):

          11 ÚáõÉÇë 1997ÇÝ, Ö»Ù³ñ³ÝÇ ÑÇÙݳ¹ñáõû³Ý 50-³Ù»³ÏÁ Ýßáõ³Í ¿ Ù»Í ßáõùáí, »õ ³Ûë ³éÇÃáí ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ¿ Úáõ߳ٳﻳÝÁ (ËÙµ³·Çñª Ú³Ïáµ âáɳù»³Ý):

          1947¿Ý Ç í»ñ ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ Ö»Ù³ñ³ÝÇ Þñç³Ý³õ³ñïÇó ØÇáõÃÇõÝÁ, áñ 1999ÇÝ ëÏë³Í ¿ ÉáÛë ÁÝÍ³Û»É §Þ³õÇÕ¦ å³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃÁ (ËÙµ³·Çñª ²Ûï³ ØÇÝ³ë»³Ý ³å³ È»õáÝ Þ³éáÛ»³Ý), ÇëÏ 1961¿Ý Ç í»ñ å³ñµ»ñ³µ³ñ ÉáÛë ÏÁ ï»ëÝ¿ §ÌÇÉ»ñ¦ áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý Ã»ñÃÁ:


²½·. гÛϳ½»³Ý ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ   
     гɿåÇ å³ïÙ³Ï³Ý ¸åñ³ïáõÝÇÝ ß³ñáõݳÏáõÃÇõÝÁ ÝϳïáõáÕ »õ 1876ÇÝ ÑÇÙÝáõ³Í ²½·. Ü»ñë¿ë»³Ý ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñÁª 1919-1920 ï³ñ»ßñç³ÝÇÝ í»ñ³µ³óáõ³Í »Ý áñå¿ë ²½·. гÛϳ½»³Ý ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³Ý »õ 1929Çݪ í»ñ³ßÇÝáõ³Í »Ý áñå¿ë ²½·. гÛϳ½»³Ý ºñÏë»é í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ, áñáÝó سÝϳå³ñ�Á ÏÁ ÝϳïáõÇ 1904-ÇÝ ÑÇÙÝáõ³Í ²½·. سÝϳå³ñï¿½Ç ß³ñáõݳÏáõÃÇõÝÁ:

         2004-2005 áõëáõÙÝ³Ï³Ý ï³ñ»ßñç³ÝÇÝ ½áÛ· í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñÁ Ùdzóáõ»ó³Ý ²ÕçϳÝó µ³ÅÝÇ Ù¿ç: ²ÕçϳÝó µ³ÅÇÝÁ ³é ³Ûëûñ ÏÁ ·ïÝáõÇ ê. ø³é³ëÝÇó سÝϳÝó »Ï»Õ»óõáÛ ßñç³÷³ÏÇÝ Ù¿ç:

²½·. Ø»ëñáå»³Ý ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³Ý

    ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 1923ÇÝ áñå¿ë ø¿ÙµÇ ¸åñáó, ³å³ª ø¿ÙµÇ Ø»ëñáå»³Ý ºñÏë»é í³ñųñ³Ý: 1936ÇÝ, ï»Õ³÷áËáõ³Í ¿ Üáñ ¶ÇõÕ, ÙÇÝã 1943-ÇÝ ûÅïáõ³Í ¿ í»ñ³Ýáñá·áõ³Í Ýáñ ß¿Ýùáíª ê. ¶¿áñ· »Ï»Õ»óõáÛ ßñç³÷³Ï¿Ý Ý»ñë: ²ÛÅÙ ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ í»ó³Ù»³Û ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñáíª ï»Õ³¹ñáõ³Í »ñÏáõ ³Ýç³ï ß¿Ýù»ñáõ Ù¿ç:

     28 ÜáÛ.2003ÇÝ,Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõû³Ùµ »ÙÇ ²é³çÝáñ¹ êáõñ¿Ý ²ñù.¶³Ã³ñáÛ»³ÝÇ,³ñųݳí³Û»É ßáõáí Ýß³Í ¿ í³ñųñ³ÝÇ ÑÇÙݳ¹ñáõû³Ý 80-³Ù»³ÏÁ£

²½·. ¼³õ³ñ»³Ý ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³Ý

    ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 1925Çݪ ǵñ»õ Ü»ñë¿ë»³Ý ì³ñųñ³Ý: 1932ÇÝ í³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ Ù¿Ï Ù³ëÁ ÷á˳¹ñáõ³Í ¿ Üáñ ¶ÇõÕÇ â³÷³Ñ³ë àñµ»ñáõ γ۳ÝÁ, ÑáõëÏ »ñÏáõ µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñÁ Ù¿Ïï»Õáõ³Í »Ý Üáñ ¶ÇõÕ:

           15 ú·áëïáë 1936ÇÝ, í³ñųñ³ÝÁ í»ñ³Ñ³ëï³ïáõ³Í ¿ áñå¿ë ¼³õ³ñ»³Ý ì³ñųñ³Ý, »õ 1965ÇÝ ûÅïáõ³Í ¿ ³ñ¹Ç³Ï³Ý ß¿Ýùáí. áõÝÇ Ý³»õ óï»ñ³ëñ³Ñ: 1939ÇÝ Ñ³ëï³ïáõ³Í ¼³õ³ñ»³Ý ·ñ³¹³ñ³ÝÁ ÏÁ ß³ñáõݳϿ Ùß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ ³é³ù»ÉáõÃÇõÝÁ:

          ²Ûëûñ ì³ñųñ³ÝÁ ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ í»ó³Ù»³Û ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñáí:          

²½·. ê³Ñ³Ï»³Ý ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³Ý

ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 1927Çݪ ǵñ»õ ê³Ñ³Ï»³Ý ì³ñųñ³Ý, ÑݹϳѳÛáó áõ åñ³½ÇɳѳÛáó ÝÇõÃ³Ï³Ý ûųݹ³Ïáõû³Ùµ:


     1932ÇÝ ÷á˳¹ñáõ³Í ¿ Üáñ ¶ÇõÕ: 1962ÇÝ Ï³éáõóáõ³Í ¿ ¹åñáóÇÝ Ýáñ ß¿ÝùÁ, ÇëÏ 1995ÇÝ ³ñ¹Ç³Ï³Ý Ù³Ýϳå³ñ�Áª áñáõÝ å³ßïûÝ³Ï³Ý µ³óáõÙÁ ϳï³ñáõ³Í ¿ 16 ²åñÇÉ 1996ÇÝ, Ó»é³Ùµª ²ñ³Ù ². γÃáÕÇÏáëÇ: ¼áÛ· ß¿Ýù»ñÁ ÏÁ ·ïÝáõÇÝ ê. ¶ñÇ·áñ Èáõë³õáñÇ㠻ϻջóõáÛ ÏÇó: Ü»ñϳÛÇë ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ í»ó³Ù»³Û ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñáíª ï»Õ³¹ñáõ³Í »ñÏáõ ³Ýç³ï ß¿Ýù»ñáõ Ù¿ç:

²½·. ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³Ý ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³Ý

    ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 22 ê»åï»Ùµ»ñ 1930ÇÝ, áñå¿ë äûÕáë ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³Ý í³ñųñ³Ý, ³ñ¹»³Ùµª ÉáÝïáݳµÝ³Ï ³½·³ÛÇÝ µ³ñ»ñ³ñ Ü»ñë¿ë ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³ÝÇ: 1940ÇÝ ³Ýó³Í ¿ ²½·. ²é³çÝáñ¹³ñ³ÝÇ Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõû³Ý ï³Ï: 1936-1945 ï³ñÇÝ»ñáõÝ ¹åñáó¿Ý Ý»ñë ·áñÍ³Í ¿ ݳ»õ ê»ñáíµ¿ ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³Ý ²ñÑ»ëïÇó ì³ñųñ³ÝÁ:

          1997ÇÝ, í³ñųñ³ÝÁ ûÅïáõ³Í ¿ ³ñ¹Ç³Ï³Ý ·»Õ³Ï»ñï ß¿Ýùáí, áõñ ¶³Éáõëï ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³Ý ÐÇÙݳñÏáõû³Ý ÏáÕùÇÝ, ÝÇõóµ³ñáÛ³Ï³Ý ÇßË³Ý³Ï³Ý Ý»ñ¹ñáõÙ áõÝ»ó³Í »Ý ѳɿå³Ñ³Û ³½·³ÛÇÝ µ³ñ»ñ³ñÝ»ñª ä³ñ·»õ äÇõÉåÇõÉ»³Ý »õ Ø³Ý³ë¿ ä³å»³Ý, áñ ÏþÁݹ·ñÏ¿ ݳ»õ ÑëÏ³Û Ñ³Ý¹Çë³ëñ³Ñ: ä³ßïûÝ³Ï³Ý µ³óáõÙÁ ϳï³ñáõ³Í ¿ 13 ÚáõÝÇë 1997ÇÝ, Ó»é³Ùµª ²ñ³Ù ². γÃáÕÇÏáëÇ: Ü»ñϳÛÇë ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ í»ó³Ù»³Û ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñáí:

´.-ØÇáõÃ»Ý³Ï³Ý ì³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ

           ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý ÎñÃ³Ï³Ý Ð³ëï³ïáõÃÇõÝ

          ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 1921ÇÝ, áñå¿ë ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý ¶³ÕóϳÝó ì³ñųñ³Ýª ÎÇÉÇÏdzÝÇ Üå³ëïÇó ØÇáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿, 1930ÇÝ í»ñ³Ýáõ³Ýáõ³Í ¿ ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³Ý, »õ 1960Çݪ ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý Ö»Ù³ñ³Ý:

          Ü»ñϳÛÇë, ÏÁ Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõÇ ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ ØÇáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿ª »ñÏñáñ¹³Ï³ÝÇ, ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñáí, ï»Õ³¹ñáõ³Í »ñ»ù ³Ýç³ï ß¿Ýù»ñáõ Ù¿ç: 1986ÇÝ, Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç Ýáñ ß¿ÝùÁª µ³ñ»ñ³ñÇÝ ³ÝáõÝáí í»ñ³Ýáõ³Ýáõ³Í ¿ سÛù ܳ½³ñ¿Ã»³Ý سÝϳå³ñ�:

          1930-1937ÇÝ, ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý àõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý ØÇáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿ Ññ³ï³ñ³Ïáõ³Í ¿ §ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý¦ ß³µ³Ã³Ã»ñÃÁ, 1931ÇÝ »õ 1937ÇÝ ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ¿ §ÚáÛë¦ ³Ùë³Ã»ñÃÁ (ËÙµ³·Çñª ºñáõ³Ý¹ ä³å³Û»³Ý), 1948-1960Çݪ §Ð³Ûñ»Ý³ë¿ñ ä³ï³ÝǦ ³Ùë³Ã»ñÃÁ (ÊÙµ³·Çñª èáõµ¿Ý îÇñ³ñ»³Ý), 1965-1975Çݪ §Î³ÛÍ»ñ¦ »ñ»ùÉ»½áõ»³Ý å³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃÁ (ËÙµ³·Çñª ¶¿áñ· ²Ãáù»³Ý), 1994Çݪ §Èáõë³Ã»õÇϦ å³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃÁ:

          28 ÜáÛ»Ùµ»ñ 1997ÇÝ, ѳݹÇë³õáñ³å¿ë Ýßáõ³Í ¿ ÎÇÉÇÏ»³Ý Ö»Ù³ñ³ÝÇ ÑÇÙݳ¹ñáõû³Ý 75-³Ù»³ÏÁ: ²Ûë ³éÇÃáí ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ¿ ì³ñųñ³ÝÇ Úáõ߳ٳﻳÝÁ (·É˳õáñ ËÙµ³·Çñª èáõµ¿Ý îÇñ³ñ»³Ý):

ÎñóëÇñ³ó ì³ñųñ³Ý

          ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 1924ÇÝ, ²ÛÝóåÇ ÎñóëÇñ³ó ØÇáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿ª ǵñ»õ ²ÛÝóåÇ Îñóëñ³ó ºñÏë»é ì³ñųñ³Ý:

          1974ÇÝ, ì³ñųñ³ÝÁ ûÅïáõ³Í ¿ ³ñ¹Ç³Ï³Ý Ýáñ ß¿Ýùáí, ÙÇ³Å³Ù³Ý³Ï Çñ³·áñÍáõ³Í ¿ ÎñóëÇñ³ó Ú³ñáõÃÇõÝ»³Ý سÝϳå³ñ�Áª Ýáñ³Ï»ñï ê. ²ëïáõ³Í³ÍÇÝ »Ï»Õ»óõáÛ ÏÇó:

          Ü»ñϳÛÇë ÏÁ Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõÇ ÎñóëÇñ³ó Øß³ÏáõóÛÇÝ ØÇáõû³Ý ÏáÕÙ¿, ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ í»ó³Ù»³Û ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñáí:

          1927-1932ÇÝ ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ¿ §ÈáÛ릳Ùë³Ã»ñÃÁ, 1929-1936Çݪ Þñç³Ý³õ³ñïÇó ØÇáõÃÇõÝÁ Ññ³ï³ñ³Ï³Í ¿ §Î»³Ýù¦ ËÙáñ³ïÇå ³Ùë³·ÇñÁ, 1994Çݪ ì³ñųñ³ÝÇÝ ÑÇÙݳ¹ñáõû³Ý 65-³Ù»³ÏÇÝ ³éÇÃáí ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ¿ Úáõ߳ٳﻳÝÁ (å³ïñ³ëïáõÃÇõݪ ´ÅÇßÏ Âáñáë Âáñ³Ý»³ÝÇ):

          10 ¸»Ïï»Ùµ»ñ 1999ÇÝ, ѳݹÇë³õáñ³å¿ë Ýßáõ³Í ¿ ì³ñųñ³ÝÇ ÑÇÙݳ¹ñáõû³Ý 70-³Ù»³ÏÁ:

È. ܳ׳ñ»³Ý-¶. ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³Ý λ¹ñáÝ³Ï³Ý ì³ñųñ³Ý

          ÎñÃ³Ï³Ý ³Ûë û׳ËÁ дÀØ-Ç ë»÷³Ï³ÝáõÃÇõÝÝ ¿:

    ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 1954Çݪ ³ñ¹»³Ùµ ³Ù»ñÇϳµÝ³Ï ȳ½³ñ ܳ׳ñ»³ÝÇ, ÙÇÝã»õ 1959 Ïáãáõ³Í ¿ µ³ñ»ñ³ñÇÝ ³ÝáõÝáí, »õ áõÝ»ó³Í ¿ »ñÏë»é ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñ:

          20 ¸»Ïï»Ùµ»ñ 1959ÇÝ, ÑÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ »ñÏñáñ¹³Ï³ÝÇ µ³ÅÇÝÁ »õ ÝáõÇñ³ïáõ µ³ñ»ñ³ñÝ»ñáõÝ ³ÝáõÝáí í»ñ³Ýáõ³Ýáõ³Í ¿ª È. ܳ׳ñ»³Ý-¶. ÎÇõÉå¿ÝÏ»³Ý λ¹ñáÝ³Ï³Ý ì³ñųñ³Ý:

          ÎÁ Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõÇ Ð´ÀØ-Ç êáõñÇáÛ Þñç³Ý³Ï³ÛÇÝ Ú³ÝÓݳÅáÕáíÇÝ ÏáÕÙ¿, ÏÁ ·áñÍ¿ »ñÏñáñ¹³Ï³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñáíª ï»Õ³¹ñáõ³Í »ñÏáõ ß¿Ýù»ñáõ Ù¿ç:

          1958-1966ÇÝ ÉáÛë ï»ë³Í ¿ áõë³ÝáÕ³Ï³Ý §´³ñÓáõÝù¦ å³ñµ»ñ³Ã»ñÃÁ:

        31 ú·áëïáë 2003ÇÝ,Ù³Ýϳå³ñ�Á ï»Õ³¹ñáõ³Í¿ дÀØ-Ç  Ýáñ³Ï³éáÛó ¶.ÎÇõÉå»ÝÏ»³Ý Ï»¹ñáÝ¿Ý Ý»ñë£

* * *

          ´»ñÇáÛ Â»ÙÇ ·ñ»Ã¿ µáÉáñ ßñç³ÝÝ»ñáõÝ Ù¿ç ÏÁ ·áñÍ»Ý Ñ³ÛÏ³Ï³Ý í³ñųñ³ÝÝ»ñ, áñáÝù ÏÁ Ñáí³Ý³õáñáõÇÝ ²½·. ²é³çÝáñ¹³ñ³ÝÇÝ ÏáÕÙ¿:


²½·. º÷ñ³ï ØÇçݳϳñ· ì³ñųñ³Ý

   ÐÇÙÝáõ³Í ¿ 1932ÇÝ, ê. Ú³Ïáµ »Ï»Õ»óõáÛ ÏÇóª áñå¿ë ²½·³ÛÇÝ ì³ñųñ³Ý, ݳ˳Ïñóñ³ÝÇ »õ Ù³Ýϳå³ñï¿½Ç µ³ÅÇÝÝ»ñáí:


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